In heritage and archaeology, “conserved” means that heritage resources are identified and protected so that their cultural heritage value is maintained. The Ontario Heritage Act contains policies to evaluate and designate heritage resources.
Provincial & County Policy
The Provincial Policy Statement (PPS) and the County of Simcoe Official Plan policies provide direction on specific issues. The Township Official Plan policies must conform to the PPS and County Official Plan which set out the following policies:
Protection & Identification
Significant built heritage resources and significant cultural heritage landscapes will be conserved. The interests of First Nations must be considered. Archaeological management plans and cultural plans should be considered.
Municipal Official Plans must contain cultural heritage policies, including policies for maintaining a register of locally significant cultural heritage resources.
Municipalities should establish policies which encourage the evaluation and designation of properties under the Ontario Heritage Act, support a municipal heritage committee, zone sites containing significant cultural features, and apply the County’s Cultural Heritage Guidelines, once the guidelines are developed.
Minimizing Development Impacts
Development will not be permitted on lands containing archaeological resources, or areas of archaeological potential, unless those resources have been conserved.
Development will not be permitted on lands adjacent to protected heritage property unless the proposed development has been evaluated and the heritage attributes will be conserved. Heritage assessments, studies, or reports may be required.
First Nations & Archaeology
If First Nations archaeological resources or burial places are found, the appropriate First Nations communities must be notified. When other burial places are identified, the Funeral, Burial, and Cremation Services Act and Ontario Heritage Act apply, and appropriate Provincial Ministries must be notified.
Existing Policy & Legislation
Provincial Policy Statement 2014
County of Simcoe Official Plan, 2016
Ontario Heritage Act, 2005
Current Township Policies
Heritage resources should be protected from the impacts of development through studies and assessments when a development is proposed.
Currently, the Township maintains a Register of Cultural Heritage Resources, consisting of known properties of cultural heritage value or interest.
Section C18.6 of the current Official Plan contains policies for Cultural Heritage Resources in the Craighurst Secondary Plan area. Section D3 contains policies regarding Heritage & Archaeological Resources, which require:
That the Township’s cultural heritage and archaeological resources be identified, conserved, and enhanced wherever practical, and that new development should occur in a manner which respects the Township’s physical heritage.
That a Local Architectural Advisory Committee (LACAC) may be established to advise and assist Council in all matter relating to cultural heritage resource conservation.
That Council may, by by-law, designate properties to be of historic and/or architectural value or interest; define an area within the municipality as an area to be examined for designation as a heritage conservation district; and/or designate any area within the municipality as a heritage conservation district.
That Council may encourage the restoration and retention of heritage properties through the use of bonusing and density transfers and other means as permitted by the Planning Act. Council may also require a heritage impact statement when inventoried or designated built heritage properties, heritage features, landscapes and districts with the Township are affected by development proposals.
Council may require archaeological impact assessments, surveys and the preservation or rescue excavation of significant archaeological resources which might be affected by development, in cooperation with the appropriate Provincial Ministry. The Township recognizes that there may be archaeological remnants of prehistoric and early historic habitation as well as archaeological potential areas within the Township.
What changes would you like to see?
The province provides clear direction for conserving significant heritage features and landscapes, as well as archaeological elements, through legislation such as Ontario Heritage Act. The Ontario Heritage Act was updated in 2005 and current Township Official Plan policies still refer to old terms such as LACAC, which existed under the older policies. Now, Municipal Heritage Committees undertake a role similar to a LACAC. The Township will need to be consistent with provincial policy direction outlined in PPS, Growth Plan, and County of Simcoe Official Plan policies for heritage. Currently, the County of Simcoe is undertaking development of an Archaeological Master Plan, which will be implemented in the Township’s policies.
Do you think the municipality should encourage the identification and designation of cultural heritage features/properties, Cultural Heritage Landscapes (CHLs) and Heritage Conservation Districts (HCDs)? Should the Township encourage preparation of HCD plans to conserve significant cultural heritage landscapes?
Are there any specific cultural heritage resources, such as landmark buildings, that should be identified? Should private residences be designated? Should publicly owned buildings?
The County of Simcoe is currently undertaking work to develop an Archaeological Master Plan (AMP). How should the Township incorporate the County AMP, once completed, into the land use planning framework?
Should the Township consider development of arts and cultural plans?
Should the Township consider updated requirements for submission of a Heritage Impact Assessment where development is proposed adjacent to a building, structure or landscape on the municipal register or designated under the Ontario Heritage Act?
Please provide any other comments you may have for consideration in the development of new policies.